• PSBA Equity Definition


    Equity is the just and fair distribution of resources based upon each individual student’s needs. Equitable resources include funding, programs, policies, initiatives and supports that target each student’s unique background and school context to guarantee that all students have equal access to a high-quality education. 

    Equality vs Equity

    A picture illustrating the concepts of equality, equity and justice. Courtesy of Courtesy Advancing Equity and Inclusion: A Guide for Municipalities, by City for All Women Initiative (CAWI), Ottawa

    Educational Equity is…

    extends, values, and includes the experiences and voices of all populations within the framework, climate, and procedures of systems and institutions.

    people are given what they need to participate fully in the system (free from bias or injustice).

    remedies past and present harms by the system that has created the inequities.


    Achievement Gap

     The achievement gap is the academic disparity or differences between groups of students. Typically, the achievement gap pertains to major differences in academic indicators such as test scores and graduation rates between white students and students of color, economically advantaged and economically disadvantaged students, male and female students, English proficient and English learner students, and special education and non-special education students.

    Opportunity Gap

    The opportunity gap represents how the education system delivers education to different groups of students. Disparities in educational delivery lead to different academic, social and economic outcomes between students in Pennsylvania due to the inequitable distribution of opportunities, resources and funding.

    Source: https://www.psba.org/about/equity/


Creating Equity in Schools